What is a Concussion?
What is a concussion?
A concussion is considered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or upper body that whips your head rapidly back and forth. Throughout the concussive event, the brain may impact the inner aspect of the skull which can affect the function of your brain.
No mTBI is truly mild. Even a “ding”, “getting your bell rung”, or a blow to the head that may appear harmless can be very serious. Not all cases of concussion present identical symptoms; and fewer than 10% of sport related concussions involve Loss of Consciousness.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 3.8 million sports-related concussions are reported in the U.S. every year.
Recovery from concussion depends on several factors, including previous history of head injury, sex, age, mechanism of injury, compliance to recovery recommendations, and recovery rates that vary between individuals. No mTBI is the same!
Complete functional and physical recovery is vital before returning to activity. Second impact syndrome (SIS), which results from a rapid swelling of the brain, can occur if an athlete suffers an additional concussion before symptoms of the initial concussion have subsided.
80% of all concussions get better within 3 weeks and 20 % of concussions take 3 weeks or longer to recover.
An athlete who sustains a concussion is four to six times more likely to sustain a second concussion.
“Headache” is the number 1 reported symptom, usually described as a “pressure sensation” which worsens as the day progresses or with physical or mental activity.