Chest Pain (Angina)
What is Chest Pain (also called Angina or Angina Pectoris)?
Angina can be caused by an insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. The body responds to this oxygen deprivation with pain in the chest, arms, shoulders, neck and/or jaw. Some people also experience shortness of breath, fatigue, sweating, dizziness and vomiting. Angina is most frequently caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries. The narrowing is due to buildup of fatty deposits (plaque or Atherosclerosis) within the artery walls.
Do not ignore these warning signs, as they are strong indicators of an impending cardiac event. If you experience chest pain, immediately call 9-1-1.
If your doctor concludes you have Angina, and are not having a heart attack, he or she will discuss treatment options to care for the condition and prevent future vascular problems.
What are the treatment options for Angina?
There are a variety of treatment options for Angina. They include procedures that open narrowed arteries (for example, Angioplasty) and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery; medications (such as Nitroglycerin, Beta Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers) and ACE Inhibitors. Also, lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, nutritional diet, and regular exercise can greatly reduce your risk factors.
For a referral to a St. Joseph's cardiologist call 979.821.7589.